In dentistry, a veneer is a thin layer of material placed over a tooth, either to improve the aesthetics of a tooth or to protect the tooth’s surface from damage. There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and dental porcelain. A composite veneer may be directly placed (built-up in the mouth), or indirectly fabricated by a dental technician in a dental laboratory, and later bonded to the tooth.


Lumineers are thin porcelain shields that are bonded to the front of your teeth co create dramatic changes in your smile and can usually be accomplished with minimal tooth structure removal. In some cases, Lumineers can be applied without numbing you. Call now to find out if Lumineers are right for you!


Bonding is the application of a tooth-colored composite resin (plastic) to repair a decayed, chipped, fractured or discolored tooth. Unlike veneers, which are manufactured in a laboratory and require a customized mold to achieve a proper fit, bonding can be done in a single visit. The procedure is called bonding because the material bonds to the tooth. Ultimately bonding can be used to close spaces between teeth at a more economical way than veneers.

Teeth Whitening

Teeth Whitening lightens teeth and helps to remove stains and discoloration. Whitening is among the most popular cosmetic dental procedures because it can greatly improve how your teeth look. For whitening at home, your dentist can make trays to hold the whitening gel that fit your teeth precisely. Home whitening gel usually needs to be applied daily for two to three weeks.


Traditional braces. Dental braces can correct crooked and crowded teeth, a misaligned bite, and jaw problems. Braces also eliminate problems you may have with eating, speaking properly, or with keeping your teeth clean. Traditional braces have come a long way over the years, becoming sleeker, smaller, and more comfortable. And that’s certainly something to smile about!

Traditional braces consist of standard metal brackets that are adhered to your teeth with an adhesive and connected by wire. They require periodic tightening so pressure can gradually straighten your teeth and align your jaw as needed. Metal brace brackets are still the most common, predictable and efficient way to move teeth.

Invisalign is an alternative to wire braces that uses transparent, incremental aligners to adjust teeth. The Invisalign treatment process involves taking a mold of the patient’s teeth that is scanned in order to create a computerized model. Using the doctor’s treatment plan, the computer model creates stages between the current and desired teeth positions that are used to create molds for individual aligners. invisilign Patients who choose Invisalign must wear the aligners the entire day (except while eating) to allow predictable tooth movement.  Dr. Kappenman is your certified invisalign provider.